Tree Pruning & Trimming
All trees and shrubs require periodic maintenance, trimming and pruning. Maintenance performed at the right time and in the correct manner will allow them to grow properly and remain healthy to fight off dramatic changes in weather and insect infestation.
On mature trees, pruning is required to remove dead and dying branches to maintain plant health and safety. This pruning type is referred to as cleaning. Research has now documented that thinning, the removal of live branches to reduce density, significantly reduces wind resistance and subsequent storm damage.
Pruning trees when they are young and growing quickly is critical to ensuring a strong framework for future growth. Branches are pruned so their size remains proportional to the stem diameter at their point of attachment. As trees, grow, some branches are removed to ensure adequate spacing between permanent scaffold limbs. The shape of the tree is maintained to provide a natural open grown form typical of the species.
Homeowners and landscape professionals often confuse shearing and pruning - they are very different concepts that produce very different results. Shearing removes a portion of new growth each time it is performed. It produces an artificial shape that usually resembles a sphere, oval, cube or rectangle rather than the natural form of the plant. Shearing produces a formal appearance with a dense outer shell of foliage with little growth on interior portions of the crown. Because only a portion of the new growth is removed, the plant continues to grown larger each year and eventually it can out-grow its space.
Pruning removes older growth as well as new shoots. Because cuts are made deeper into the crown, the plant has a 'looser' informal and natural appearance that can be maintained according to the plant species or variety. Because pruning removes some older branches, a specific size can be maintained for the space allotted for them.
Shearing is appropriate for formal gardens and for hedges. However, for individual plants pruning is the better technique to sustain plant health and appearance over time.
Regardless of tree or shrub species, A & K Services of Iowa has the training and experience to properly care for all your yard's trees and shrubs. Give us a call today!